Fundamental Duties of Indian Citizens | Eleven Duties Of Citizen | The National TV

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Introduction 

During the third emergency in 1975 of the nation, Sardar Swaran Singh Committee was set up in 1976 which recommended that there must be a separate Chapter for fundamental Duties. This recommendation was accepted and 42nd amendment Act, 1976 was introduced which added Part XV A dealing with ten Fundamental Duties. While one more fundamental Duties was added through 86th amendment Act, 2002.

 

 

Fundamental Duties Article 51A states that there are eleven duties if citizens -

 

(a) Every citizen should respect ideas & institutions of constitution, National Anthem and National Flag.

(b) Every citizen should cherish and follow the nobel ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom.

(c) Citizens have to uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India.

(d) It is their duty to defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so.

(e) They have to promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India without discriminating on the ground of religion, language, region or sectional diversities and to respect & maintain the dignity of women.

(f) Every citizen has to value and preserve the rich heritage of Indian Culture.

(g) It is the duty of citizens to protect and improve the natural environment and to have compassion for living creatures.

(h) Citizens have to develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform.

(i) It is their duty to safeguard public property and to abjure violence.

(j) Citizens should strive towards excellence in all the spheres of individual and collective activity.

(k) It is the duty of parents and guardians to provide opportunities for education to his child between the age of six and fourteen years. 

 

 

Is it enforceable or not ?

Fundamental Duties are non-enforceable. It was basically introduced to warn citizens against anti social activities i.e preventing them from disrespecting the National Anthem and National Flag, to remind the duties towards nation and society at large and to promote discipline and commitment. But it can be enforceable if legislature makes Law such as -

 

In Bijoe Emmanuel v. State of Kerala ( 11 Aug, 1986): It was held that proper respect to the Nation Anthem can also be shown by standing up when the National Anthem is sung or played.

In M.C Mehta v. Union of India (1983): It deals with Article 21 i.e Right to enjoy pollution free environment and Article 51A(g) which states that it is the duty of citizens to protect and improve the environment. As a result of which Wildlife Protection Act and Forest Conservation Act was introduced. 86th amendment 2002 was introduced by Legislation. It added Article 21A which states that the State shall provide free education to children between the age of 6 and 14 years while Article 51A(k) states that it is the duty of parents and guardians to provide opportunities for education to their children between the age of six and fourteen years.

 

 

 

 

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