Is Robbery Different From Theft And Extortion? | Indian Penal Code | Punishment | The National TV

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Introduction

Robbery is the crime of taking anything by force, the threat of force, or by putting the victim in fear or attempting to do so. Robbery is being explained in Section 390 of IPC. According to this section, Robbery is either theft or extortion.

 

 

When theft is robbery?

Sec 378 of the Indian Penal Code states that if the person takes away the moveable property if any person without his consent and using no force as such. But when the same crime is being done voluntarily to cause any person death or hurt or wrongful restraint or fear of instant death or hurt or attempting to do so then theft becomes robbery which is explained in Sec 390 of IPC.

 

When extortion is robbery?

Sec 383 of IPC states that if the person takes away the moveable and immovable property of any person with wrongful consent by creating fear of injury or grievous hurt. But when the same crime is being done to cause any person death or hurt or wrongful restraint or fear of instant death or hurt or attempting to do so then extortion becomes robbery which is explained in Sec 390 of IPC. Punishment for Robbery Sec 392 of IPC explains that if a person commits robbery then he shall be punished with rigorous imprisonment for 10 years which may extend and also liable for fine and if it is committed on Highway between sunset and sunrise then the imprisonment may extend to 14 years.

 

 

Punishment for theft Sec 379 of Indian Penal Code explains that If a person commits theft then he shall be punished with imprisonment for three years which may extend or liable to pay fine or both. Punishment for extortion Sec 384 of IPC states that if a person commits extortion then he shall be punished with imprisonment for 3 years or fine or both. Sec 385 of IPC states that if such crime puts another person in fear of injury then he shall be punished with imprisonment for 2 years or fine or both. Sec 386 of IPC states that if a person commits extortion through putting a person in fear of death or grievous hurt then he shall be punished with imprisonment for 10 years and fine. Sec 367 of IPC states that if a person attempts to commit extortion through putting a person in fear of death or grievous hurt then he shall be punished with imprisonment for 7 years and fine.

 

 

 

 

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