Chilika Lake in Odisha is The Largest saltwater lagoon in the world.
Chilika Lake is brackish water lagoon on the east coast of India covering an area of over 1,100 km. It is the largest coastal lagoon in India and the second largest lagoon in the world.
Chilika Lake formed:
Chilika Lake has been formed due to the silting action of the Mahanadi river, which drain to the northern end of the lake, and the northerly currents in the Bay Of Bengal, which have formed a sandbar along the eastern shore leading to the formation of a shallow lagoon.
Chilika Lake Sanctuary:
Chilika is recognized as one of the most imporant wetlands in the world because it is home to a phenomenal variety of birds. Chilika Lake offers visitors a spectacular display of it's colorful wian charms in a thousand different hues presented by over 160 species. Prawn,crab and mackerel fishing are important source of livelihood for the local people.
There is a story behind this temple. The story is that a newly married girl named Jaai along with her father was going to meet her husband. As her in law's house was on an island in Chilika Lake they had to take a boat to ferry them across the lake.During this boat trip they were encountered with a server cyclone,as a result their boat was capsized in the Chilika Lake.All the boatman and her father survived this event except for the girl Jaai. They searched for her but were unable to locate her. After this accident death of the newlywed girl, she becomes the Godess of people residing nearby and till now she is worshiped as an EXCERPT of Kali. And, this how the place got its name.
The lake experiences South-west and North-east monsoons from June to September and November to December respesctively with an average annual rainfall of 1,238.8 mm,with 72 rainy days. The maximum temperature of 39.9degree Celsius and a minimum temperature of 14 degrees celsius have been recorded.
Best time to visit:
The weather remains moderately warm the whole year, so come anytime of the year except during the rainy season from June to September. The best time, however, is from October to March, when the lake is crowded with migrating birds usually at least 50-70 species. Pilgrims flock here in January during "Makar Mela" to pay the Godess Kalijai.