The line of demarcation that separates Indian controlled territory from Chinese controlled territory is called LAC-The Line of Actual Control. India considers the LAC to be 3,488 km long, while the Chinese consider it to be only around 2,000 km. It is divided into total three sectors: the eastern sector which covers Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim, the middle sector in Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh, and the western sector in Ladakh.
It is the LAC of the western sector in Ladakh where the disputes are occurring these days. The dispute is because thousands of Chinese troops have rushed their way into the Galwan valley in Ladakh. In a statement given to BBC by Ajay Shukla, an Indian military expert who served as a colonel in the army said “The situation is serious. The Chinese have come into territory which they themselves accepted as part of India. It has completely changed the status quo.” He added, “The traditionally peaceful Galwan River has now become a hotspot because it is where the LAC is closest to the new road India has built along the Shyok River to Daulet Beg Oldi (DBO) - the most remote and vulnerable area along the LAC in Ladakh.” According to the reports, earlier in the month of May, Chinese forces had put up tents, dug trenches, and moved heavy equipment kilometers inside the territory regarded by India.
There have been verbal face-offs at LAC. Therefore, it’s that border that has been under keen eyes of all the countries. The border disputes are bringing in more tensions to India and continuing to be a matter of serious concern. However, in an interview with Zee News, the Defence Minister, Rajnath Singh said that they are trying to settle the dispute and as for now they take it as a bilateral issue thus, no other country has been invited to step in it.
Also, there is a lot of confusion incurred at social media over LOC and LAC. Some people get puzzled between the two but these two are completely different. The LoC emerged from the 1948 ceasefire line negotiated by the UN after the war with Kashmir. It was designated as the LoC in 1972, following the Shimla Agreement between the two countries. It is delineated on a map signed by DGMOs of both armies and has the international sanctity of a legal agreement. However, on the other side, the LAC is only a concept – it is not agreed upon by the two countries, neither delineated on a map nor demarcated on the ground. Thus, LoC and LAC are two different plots of discussion.
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