COVID-19 Vaccine: The Search for A Cure Is On | Coronavirus Pandemic | The National TV
- by Suramya-Kaushik
- May 15, 2020 16:04
As the coronavirus pandemic has enveloped the whole world therefore there are almost 100 research organizations looking for a suitable vaccine to bring a cure for coronavirus. These projects are going on in full swing and are in various stages of development, from research to clinical trials. But so far so forth no vaccine seems to be available for the next 12 to 18 months.
Coronavirus has fallen as an epidemic in all parts of the world. In such a case only three possibilities lie: One, communities develop herd immunity against the disease, second, a drug is invented to contain the disease, and third, a vaccine is made available. However, no such vaccine seems to be able for the next year or more. So, in this case, the only preventive measures that are being looked at by countries are to maintain social distance, wear masks in public, and sanitize the local surrounding, washing and sanitizing hands and trying remedial ways of developing a strong immunity. However, none of these can replace the effectiveness of a vaccine but till the times no vaccine is developed, one has to follow such measures.
The vaccine takes years to develop. Firstly, it is researched then tested on animals and then undergoes human trials. Each vaccine has to undergo a certain process of checking its safety and follow the phase rules which it has to undergo. In the first phase, small groups of people receive the trial vaccine, in the second phase, it is administered to those who have characteristics similar to whom the new vaccine is intended and in the third phase, and the vaccine is injected into some thousand people. After these three phases, the researchers analyze the post results, and then it becomes available for all.
Many countries are engaged in developing coronavirus vaccine among which the trials in the United States, China, Germany, and the United Kingdom are on the fast track. However, India is also in the same league to bring up a vaccine. The University of Oxford has already started the trial procedure for the vaccine. The vaccine called ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 which was originally developed for MERS another type of coronavirus is now being in its clinical trial phase. In Germany, a vaccine named BNT162 is also in the clinical trial stage. It is being developed by US-based Pfizer and the German company BioNTech. China the most controversial country over this virus has now been working on introducing this virus in the human body without its potent elements to generate a natural immune system against an actual infection.
India is also trying its way out to develop a suitable vaccine. On May 9, 2020, The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) said that it has partnered with Bharat Biotech International Limited (MMIL) to develop an indigenous COVID-19 vaccine using the virus strain isolated at the National Institute of Virology (NIV) in Pune. Thus, efforts are being led at an accelerating rate but for the time being, everyone has to be cautious about health and must follow the necessary preventive steps.